was involved with the evaluation of ATMA during 2011. CRISP led
research in two states, Maharashtra and Himachal Pradesh for the quick
evaluation of ATMA.
extension in India has undergone several changes since independence.
Still, a large number of smallholder farmers and other vulnerable groups
remain unreached by the public extension system. A number of
organizational performance issues hinder the effectiveness and
efficiency of public extension system. These include inadequate staff
numbers, low partnerships, and continued top-down linear focus to
extension. This paper has presented a critical review of the current
state of agricultural extension reforms in India and based on the field
case studies in four states —Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, and
Tamil Nadu —has identified policy priorities and strategic options for
further refining the on-going reform process and effective
implementation of the public agricultural extension system.