CLIMATE ADAPTIVE INNOVATION: A STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE NETWORKS AND AGRICULTURAL INNOVATIONS
study was undertaken in the Indo-Gangetic Plains in South Asia covering
India, Bangladesh and Nepal. This study funded by the Climate Change
Agriculture and Food Security CCAFS) programme of CGIAR focused on
understanding the local innovation processes in relation to different
types of risks and vulnerabilities primarily associated with climate
change. The study was led by the South Asia Institute of Advanced
Studies (SIAS), Kathmandu and CRISP did research on this issue in India
in two states, namely Punjab and Bihar.
growing scientific consensus that agriculture is affected by climate
change and variability, there is still limited knowledge on how
agricultural systems respond to climate risks under different
circumstances. Drawing on three case studies conducted in the
Indo-Gangetic Plains, covering Nepal, Bangladesh, and the Indian state
of Punjab, this article analyzes agricultural adaptation practices to
climate change. In particular, we examine how farmers and other
agricultural actors understand and respond to climate change. We
identify a variety of adaptation practices related to changes in
cropping system, technological innovations, and institutional changes.
We also explore key challenges related to such emerging adaptive
innovation processes in the region.